According to the Intergovernmental Authority on development, IGAD, in the last 40 years, historical timelines show that droughts have always ravaged the horn of Africa region.
initially, they would occur once every 10 years, which then reduced to about 5 years, then 3, and now droughts occurs every year.
In 2011, the region faced the worst drought in decades that decimated crops and livestock, and left over 12 million people, mainly the pastoralist communities, in distress across the affected region. The horn of Africa comprises of Kenya, Uganda, Eritrea, South Sudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia.
Experts say that drought resilience in most affected countries in Africa remains a challenge as those states lack preparatory response and recovery mechanisms.
In 2010 The African Development bank did a study on drought resilience in Africa’s rural areas. The study showed that such regions need 15 billion dollars within the next 15 years in order to mitigate droughts and their adverse effects. This would be through an investment program that the bank proposed. It translates into 1 billion dollars annually.
Although the bank is committed to the affected African countries, it’s also cautioning them about their commitment.
The horn of Africa has an estimated combined population of 210 million people and is said to be one of the most food-insecure regions in the world.